Things You Should Know About Baccarat Before You Play It


Baccarat is a popular casino game that is enjoyed by many players around the world. While the rules of the game are relatively simple, there are a few things you should know before you start playing. 

In this article, we’ll explore some important information about it that can help you increase your chances of winning and enjoy the game to its fullest.

1. Mini Baccarat is the Most Popular Version

It is one of the oldest casino table games in existence. Despite its age, its popularity continues to increase in casino hot spots like Las Vegas, Macau, and Singapore.

A large part of this is due to the mini, which differs from the traditional version.

It is played on a smaller table with seven seats for players. A traditional one has 12-14 spots.

Another difference is that mini doesn’t allow players to deal with or even touch their cards.

This may take some of the fun away for certain players. But mini derives its popularity from the fact that the stakes are lower than a regular

Many Las Vegas mini tables feature $10 or $25 minimum bets. Contrast this to bigger tables, where you must often bet $50 or more.

You also don’t have to dress up to play mini. This is a change from the days when it was only for high rollers in roped-off areas.

The smaller bets and lack of dress code are big reasons why the mini is so popular.

2. Only Has 3 Different Bets

Beginners can pick up it right away because the game only has three possible wagers. These include the following:

  • Betting on the banker’s hand to win.
  • Wagering on the player’s hand to win.
  • Betting that both hands will tie.

You’ll see circles marked player, banker, and tie on land-based and online tables.

A land-based table puts the player circle closest to the players; the banker circle in the middle; and the tie space near the dealer.

Online tables have different layouts that feature larger betting circles because you’re the only one playing.

In any case, you put your wager in the respective circle to play.

The player and banker bets both pay 1:1 on your bet. The tie wager pays either 8:1 or 9:1 because it has a smaller chance of occurring.

Most people don’t make the tie bet since it has a high house edge. This means that you only have to keep track of two different wagers.

3. Strategy is Easy

It has the easiest strategy among any of the table games. You achieve the perfect strategy by literally making the same bet every hand.

You can see this by checking out the house edges below:

  • Banker bet = 1.06% house edge
  • Player bet = 1.24%
  • Tie bet = 14.36% (8:1 payout) or 4.84% (9:1 payout)

The banker bet has the lowest house edge at 1.06%. And this includes a 5% commission being taken out of winning banker wagers.

Even with the 5% commission factored in, the banker bet is still your top option.

Some people also bet on the player to win based on patterns. Here’s an example:

  1. You notice that the banker wins three times in a row.
  2. Both hands have roughly a 50% chance of winning (not counting ties).
  3. You think that the player is due to win soon, so you bet on them.

This line of thinking is incorrect and embodies the gambler’s fallacy, where people think that past events can predict future results. Furthermore, the player hand never has a better chance of winning than the banker.

But even if you embrace pattern betting, you’ll only be facing a 1.24% house edge with the player bet.

The one wager that you want to avoid at all costs is the tie bet.

You’re facing a horrific 14.36% house edge when the payout is 8:1. You’re still facing a 4.84% house advantage in the case of a 9:1 payout.

One more thought on strategy is to watch the land-based mini tables.

These might be low stakes, but you’ll see around 130-150 hands dealt per hour. Even with a 1.06% house edge, the risk can add up due to the high volume of hands.

4. Drawing Rules & Scoring Are Confusing

You only have to know three bets to play.

But you’ll probably want to know how the banker and player win hands at some point. And this process is confusing because of the scoring and drawing rules.

Let’s go over what you need to know about the scoring and drawing rules to clear everything up.

The highest possible score is a 9. The banker or player hand closest to this number wins.

Here’s the score of each card:

  • Ace = 1
  • 2 to 9 = Face value (i.e. 3 is worth 3)
  • Jack, queen, king = 0

When a hand is worth 10 or more, the first digit is dropped and the second digit represents the score. A 14 is worth 4 in it due to the first number being dropped.

Hands begin with both the player and banker receiving two cards. The score of each hand determines whether the banker or player receives another card.

Here’s how this works:

  • When the banker or player draws an 8 or 9 with their first two cards (a.k.a. natural), they can win with no more cards being dealt. The player and banker can also tie in this situation, or one party can win with a 9 versus an 8.
  • The player automatically receives a third card if they have less than 5. The player stands on a score of 6 or 7.
  • The banker draws if they have less than 5 and the player has a 6 or 7. The banker stands if their total is 6 or 7.

If the player draws for a third card, the banker draws (“D”) for a third card based on what’s seen in the table below:

5. Muddled History

Casino games like blackjack, craps, and roulette have debatable origins because they’re so old. It is no different in this regard because it’s also an old game.

According to UNLV’s Center for Gaming Research, its origins can be traced back to Italy in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.

One fact that supports this theory is how it translates to “zero” in Italian. Zero billing relates to how to face cards and 10 have a zero value.

Of course, this wasn’t the same game that we see today.

The cards were handcrafted and expensive. And neither the player nor the banker drew for another card to improve their score.

Another origin theory involves France in the early 1400s. This is supported by records that show French noblemen playing a variation of the game.

King Louis XIV would eventually ban it and other card games in France in the late seventeenth century. This helped create the underground French version that we know today as chemin de fer (a.k.a. chemmy).

Hoyle’s Official Rules of Cards offered a description of modern-day in the nineteenth century. This is the same century that the game began appearing in more Italian and French casinos.

It was introduced to Las Vegas in the 1950s as chemin de fer. This quickly became a high-roller game due to the complex rules, players acting as the banker, and three required dealers.

The high stakes prevented low rollers from enjoying this game. And this kept it from achieving the same popularity as blackjack and roulette.

But casinos have since remedied this situation with mini (a.k.a. punto banco).

The dealer controls the action, and players only have to worry about making their bets. Speaking of which, the low stakes allow more people to enjoy this game.

The advent of online one has only made the game more popular. Now you can play via a PC, Mac, smartphone, or tablet for as little as $1 per hand.

6. James Bond Loves It

The 2006 movie Casino Royale was the last James Bond flick to revolve around a gambling game. Texas Hold’em is featured in the film to reflect the poker boom happening at the time.

But Bond has historically preferred chemin de fer above all casino games.

Ian Fleming’s series of novels often feature 007 playing Chemin de Fer at some point. This includes the 1953 novel Casino Royale, where Bond must beat SMERSH operative Le Chiffre.

The 1954 television adaptation of Casino Royale (Climax!) features Bond bankrupting Le Chiffre so that his Soviet bosses will eliminate him.

Dr. No is the first time that is introduced in a James Bond film. This 1967 movie shows Sean Connery playing chemin de fer with Sylvia Trench (Eunice Grayson).

After losing a hand to Bond, Trench suggests that they raise the stakes. Trench draws an 8, but Bond beats her again by drawing a 9.

Other movies where it appears include Thunderball (1965), Casino Royale (1967), On Her Majesty’s Secret Service (1969), For Your Eyes Only (1981), and GoldenEye (1995).

7. Macau Loves It– And They Love Superstitions

It is by far the most popular casino game in Macau.

According to Quartz, 91% of Macau’s 2014 gambling revenue came from it. Compare this to 24% in Las Vegas at the time.

This was when the game was at its popularity peak. But it still retains the attention of most Macau visitors.

What makes it so exciting in this Asian gambling destination is the superstitions. CNN reported that players are allowed to do certain things that they can’t in American casinos.

This includes touching cards, slowly peeking at them, and creasing cards. The purpose of slowly peeking and creasing is to create suspense while hoping for a 9.

Players also like to blow on the cards to blow away low numbers. Another superstition involves betting with a player when they win, and against them when they’re losing.

“They look for trends of three or more straight wins for the banker or player and then bet for a 4th or 5th straight win,” said Ray Rody, a gaming professor at Macau Millennium College.

“The gamblers who believe in this type of luck walk around the casino searching for tables showing a trend.”

Some casinos have computer monitors at mini tables to help players spot trends over the last 20-30 rounds.

8. You Can Find Reduced Commission

Earlier I mentioned how the casino takes a 5% commission from winning banker bets. But there are rare games where the casino only takes a 4% commission.

This may not sound like a big difference. But it drops the house edge from 1.06% to 0.60%.

The reduced commission is comparable to Jacks or Better video poker (0.46% house edge) and good blackjack games (0.50%) in terms of the house edge.

And the best part is that you don’t even need to use strategy in reduced commission games. All you need to do is continue making the banker bet every time.

The only catch is that 4% commission games are nearly impossible to find.

The D casino in Las Vegas used to run a regular reduced-commission game. But they’ve since disbanded these tables in recent years.

The lone US casino that offers 4% commissions right now is the Isleta Resort & Casino in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Albuquerque isn’t near any other major cities, which makes it out of the way. But if you’re serious about getting the best house edge possible, then it may be worth a trip.

9. No Commission Exists – But You Shouldn’t Play It

If 4% commission drops the house edge to 0.60%, then no commission must be a dream, right?

These games are common in Vegas casinos. But you don’t want to play them because they’re worse than regular tables.

True to the name, no commissions are taken from winning banker bets. The catch, though, is that if the banker wins with 6 points it will only pay 50% on your bet.

This scenario happens 5.39% of the time, which makes a difference when you’re only getting 50% of the payout.

The banker bet features a 1.46% house advantage with no commission. This isn’t as good as the normal 1.06% house edge.

If you want to try a cool variation in Vegas, then check out EZ.

This game also doesn’t take commissions from banker wagers. And the nice thing is that the house edge is only 1.02%.

This differs from standard no-commission games because the banker wins on any three-card 7 are a push.

The chances of this happening are 2.25%. Compare this to the commission unfavorable rule, where you get a 50% payout when the dealer wins with 6 (5.39%).

10. Offers Fun Side Bets

This isn’t big on betting variety. This is why many casinos add side bets to spice up the action.

Available side bets depend upon the brick-and-mortar or online casino. But here are some of the most common wagers:

Big bet; 4.35% house edge – Bet on if the player and banker will combine for 5 or 6 cards. Pays 0.54:1 on your wager.

Small bet; 5.27% house edge – Bet on if the player and banker will combine for 4 cards. Pays 1.5:1 on your wager.

Dragon 7; 7.60% house edge – Commonly found in EZ games, this is a wager on if the banker will win with a three-card 7 total. The payout is 40:1.

Dragon Bonus (player side); 2.70% house edge – Wager that the player side will win with a natural, or by 4 or more.

Lucky Bonus; 1.11% house edge – Bet on if the banker will win with a 6. This wager gives the player a 2.34% advantage, but you must risk up to 10% of your banker wager.

Panda 8; 10.19% house edge – Another common EZ side bet, this wager is based on the banker winning with a three-card 8 total. The payout is 25:1.

Royal Match; 2.13% house edge – Bet that the banker or player will get a suited or unsuited king-queen combo with their first two cards. The suited king-queen pays 75:1, and the unsuited king-queen pays 30:1.


In summary, Baccarat is an easy game with only three bets, played on a smaller table with lower stakes. It also has a simple strategy, and the banker bet is the best option with a 1.06% house edge.

However, drawing rules and scoring can be confusing, and tie bets should be avoided due to the high house edge. If you’re looking for a simple and low-stress casino game, it may be the perfect choice for you. Remember, always gamble responsibly.

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